The network of overland and maritime trade routes flourish organically over time across Asia, Africa and Europe.
Travellers not only brought exotic spices and goods to faraway lands, but also their heritage, ideas and inventions including paper, ceramics, glass and believe it or not, trousers.
The Silk Road is where mathematics and astronomy were born.
From the main Silk Routes, they branch out to destinations in neighbouring countries.
Venetian merchant and adventurer, Marco Polo, pioneered the route from Europe to Asia about 750 years ago. The Silk Road fueled the Renaissance in Europe.
Empires have come and gone, but the Silk Road continues to serve as a Legacy of Exchanges Between East and West.
In 2013, China’s President Xi Jinping launched a modern re-take of the Silk Road with his government’s One Belt, One Road (OBOR) initiative to build infrastructures to boost trade and stimulate economic growth across Asia and beyond.
The OBOR initiative consists of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road and the inland Silk Road Economic Belt projects.
Unlike the ancient Silk Road that grew organically, the OBOR is a political and economic initiative undertaken by one country.